Category Archives: Ruminant

Ruminant category description

Northern European dairy herds face rising heat stress threat

Heat stress in dairy cows is becoming an increasing problem in northern Europe according to Phileo Lesaffre Animal Care, France. Long acknowledged as a serious summer threat to cow health and production across the world’s hotter regions, heat stress is now seen as a rising issue for dairy herds as far north as the UK. […]

Fresh cow mastitis

Mastitis poses the highest economic impact on dairy farms from all diseases. This is due to losses in unrealized milk production, treatment costs, increased risk of culling, and discarded milk production. Fresh dairy cows are at highest risk of getting mastitis with the highest economic impact. During early lactation, fresh cow’s immune system is depressed […]

Nutrition for heat-stressed dairy herds

Heat stress (HS) has a significant negative impact on the profitability of the dairy industry around the world, an estimate of the economic loss induced by heat stress to the USA was close to US$ 1 billion annually. The predicted growth of the dairy industry in warm places is a strong reason for the increased […]

U.S. Beef Industry challenges and goals: part 3 – Feedlot finishing and packing plant

The U.S. beef industry is segmented into four discreet production strata: cow-calf; stocker-backgrounder; feedlot finishing; and packing.  These four segments each have unique production goals as well as production challenges. Feedlot finishing The goal of the finishing phase is to fatten cattle to increase size of the carcass and to increase the marbling content of […]

U.S. Beef Industry challenges and goals. part 2 : Stocker-Backgrounder and Grass finishing

The U.S. beef industry is segmented into four discreet production strata: cow-calf; stocker-backgrounder; feedlot finishing; and packing.  These four segments each have unique production goals as well as production challenges. Stocker-Backgrounder Stocker producers, in common U.S. vernacular, are those beef producers who buy young, light animals and graze them on various forage resources, and then […]

U.S. Beef Industry challenges and goals. part 1: Cow-calf

The U.S. beef industry is segmented into four discreet production strata: cow-calf stocker-backgrounder feedlot finishing and packing. These four segments each have unique production goals as well as production challenges. Cow-calf The cow-calf industry’s goal is to produce a live, healthy calf, weaned from its mother and ready for life on its own. There are […]

Rumen disorders and their practical management

The rumen is “the heart and the engine” of ruminant energy metabolism and any rumen disorder can dramatically impair ruminant health and production.  Rumen disorders are common on farm, are costly and pose a severe problem in early lactating cows. There are frequently multiple causes for rumen disorders and diagnosis is not easy. However, it […]

Managing calves pre-weaning

Background The decision to calve heifers earlier is essentially an economic one based on the aims of reducing rearing costs (principally feed and housing) and bringing forward the age at which milk can be sold. A calving age of 23 to 24 months achieves these aims without compromising lifetime milk production. An average daily growth […]

Upgrade rumen redox status for feed efficiency in dairy cows

An important role of dairy cow nutrition is to maintain optimal conditions in the rumen for the bacteria required for efficient nutrient digestion. Dietary manipulation of the ruminal conditions will help to positively control the composition of the rumen microflora and hence it’s function. Importance of rumen microbial balance The rumen is the most digestive […]