There is no doubt that the transition period is the most critical phase in the life of high yielding dairy cows (Drackley, 1999; van Knegsel et al., 2014). In few weeks (broadly 3 before and 3 after calving) cows receive many challenges (e.g. physiological, nutritional, psychological, management) and this requires that all the adaptive responses […]
Introduction In our current intensive pig farming systems, weaning is still often considered as a delicate period to manage. The statement is rather frustrating when we know the vast amount of laboratory and field investigations carried out on the purpose throughout the world and the years. The main clinical sign, easily perceivable on the farms […]
Pig farm managers are well aware of the new performances allowed by modern sows. They are also witnessing management changes in sow nutrition to par with the corresponding metabolic and colostrum/milk production evolutions. What is less commonly realised is that the litters born to these modern sows are also composed of modern piglets. A bibliographic overview shows that newborn and suckling piglets’ management is about to drastically specialise.
The innate immune system acts as an alarm that senses danger in the form of infection and/or cell damage, and helps to initiate recovery and repair processes. Integral to innate immune cell activation are germline-encoded pattern recognition receptors that sense danger in the form of exogenous microbe-associated molecular patterns and endogenous damage-associated molecular patterns. Innate […]
The U.S. beef industry is segmented into four discreet production strata: cow-calf; stocker-backgrounder; feedlot finishing; and packing. These four segments each have unique production goals as well as production challenges. Feedlot finishing The goal of the finishing phase is to fatten cattle to increase size of the carcass and to increase the marbling content of […]